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Evolution of Saree how it changed from ancient to modern

The name saree originated from the Sanskrit word ‘Saadi’ which means a type of cloth known as Sattika.  According to Hindu literature, Sattika is conclude from a 3-piece ensemble. Which comprises the Antriya – the lower garments, the Uttariya – a veil worn over the shoulder, and the Stanapatta which is a chest band.

This complete ensemble is recognize as poshak which is a generic term of costume. Antaria later evolve into a Bhairnivasani skirt which is today remember as Ghaghra or Lehenga. By the 1st century the stanpatta evolve into a bodice and the northern was worn over the head like a veil which transform into the modern dupatta or veil.

Saree is a long piece of different types of fabric having many different prints, patterns, and colors. Which are worn in a particular way around the whole body. The length of a sari varies from 6 yards to 9 yards depending on various factors such as age, occasion, and weather.

Sarees are having parkar/pavda at the bottom and choli/ravikai/blouse at the top. The saree is such an integral part of our culture that it should still be in your wardrobe today. Such sarees have undergone various changes in terms of production, weaving, type of printing, and how they were dress up.

Traditionally women wore different types of handloom saris such as cotton, silk, ikat, embroidery, block print, and tie and dye fabrics. Besides, there are banarasi, gadavala, Paithani, Kanchipuram, Mysore, Bhagalpuri,  Balchuri, Maheshwari, Mekhela, Narayan pet, and Eri, etc.

Evolution of Saree

No Indian is more passionate than a sari. It is the ubiquitous traditional dress for Indian women but the sari is more than a national costume. Like the country, the sari is constantly changing, hardworking, transforming, and evolving, pervading the changing world around it but is constantly true to its innate qualities.

Saree in India’s history runs parallel with the development of story which is very rarely seen and even less. So with the changing tides of the documentation for the people usually do not recognize it.

However, little research on age-appropriate fashion has shown that the saree is not just a yard of fabric or a garment worn by Indian women, but a symbol of India’s past, present, and future. The earliest documented evidence of sari dates from the Maurya and Sunga periods is from BC. The earliest productions of that period often involved men and women, who wore a rectangular cloth over their lower bodies and concealed anything on their upper bodies.

In the 7th and 8th Gupta period statues were shown sewn knitted garments for women such as breast bands for women with lower wear. Women of the lower classes were bare breasts while it is consider by historians were usually women of the upper class who wears two garments.

In Mughal times, there was a clear distinction based on Hindu and Muslim women based on the way they dressed. Hindu women like to wear pleated sari. While Muslim women prefer Persian-inspire loose trousers long top. Which today was known as salwar kurta including small ones cover their heads called dupatta.

Most of the women are inspire by celebrities and movies by showcasing the different styles and varieties of sarees. People focusing their style and started to wear it.

Sarees from 1950s to 1970s

After independence, Bollywood films emerged in India in the 1950s and 1970s. And the beautiful actresses were seen on big screen. There was some great experimentation with sari fabrics, patterns, weaving, and drapes.

Most of them are aware of the new fashion Indian women was adopt instead quickly. Nutan, Madhubala, Nargis, and Mumtaz were all different looks and for the first time, had the freedom to Indian women to choose their individual style and choice.

Sarees from 1970s to 1980s

The 1970s -1980s brought an increase in power of color television along with it, the sari went through a metamorphosis once again. The original muted and deep traditional colors of the weaver were the same as the bold, bright, and colorful prints of the day.

Bollywood has taken a step back and the industries connected to it were progressing. Inspired by the on-screen styles worn by actresses, companies like Vimal and Garden Vareli developed printed sarees that are easily available at different prices for all Indian women.

Sarees from 1990s to 2000s

Since the mid-1990s and the beginning of the decade of 2000, Indian women were truly their own style elements. It was the era of supermodels, Miss Universe, and Miss World winners and suddenly it became even more important to dress up in the creations of the most popular fashion designers.

Narrowly risk chiffon saree added with blouses that openly equally reveal the sexy net saree. Indian women were making a way for anything fitness-related to be able to wear these extremely attractive sarees with confidence. The color palette of the saree was also one of the boldest ever, with women adopting everything from deep dark hues to eye-popping neon.

Current period

The world was truly globalized and most of the women could not be bother by difficult task of removing the sari properly.

Modern fashion designers have used their ingenuity to create a pre-draped version of the pre-draped saree, which is as fast as the western garments preferred by modern Indian women.

Pleats were completely made optional because sarees can be worn as a half without their half volumes which were unlike Pallus and skirts. To wear fusions like lehenga and sari-gown to please the savvy connoisseur of Indian fashion. Who was now extremely well-travel, educate abroad and willing to spend on styling became a canvas.

What does a saree symbolize?

All traditional forms and styles can be adopt as the universal being invented constantly and new designs to attract women who love style around the world. The sarees with people who are looking for a new fashion statement in Indian apparel have made deep inroads into fashion today.

Sarees are now working continuously for many exciting options, which qualified the tremendous craftsmanship displayed by professionals and improve before the sari because of artistic finesse for lovers.

Saree due to worldwide demand at present went into international influence. This is the perfect costume for those who want to add style and grace to your lifestyle.

Sarees have been the ancient civilizations such as the history of the Indus Valley Civilization, which 2800-1800 BC around the western part of the Indian subcontinent. The ancient garment was a fascinating similarity with the sari in that it was cloth wrap around the body. But the clothes were quite different from that seen in silhouette present.

Importance of Saree in culture

India is a land of many dialects, local traditions, costumes, and diverse forms of worship of God. Although there are many differences in beliefs, languages, dress, and customs, there is a fundamental link that unites the whole world.

India’s greatness consists of adapting the best from foreign influences and adding it to its already rich cultural heritage. India is this aspect of the cultural system can be seen in the development of the saree Indian known as traditional dress.

Sari is always indispensable and integral to Indian culture. It is a source of inspiration and admiration for costume lovers around the world. Traditional Indian sari has earned a name and fame all over the world. East or West, North or South, Sarees are very much liked by young and old ladies.

India can be gauged by the extent corresponding to its popularity is that it is worn on almost all occasions, whether it be a wedding, a party, or work every day. When we talk about traditional Indian attire the saree is the most popular outfit and an essential garment in the wardrobe of an Indian woman.

Today, the village and the cities of worship and religious occasions that women wearing nine-yard saree. Saree’s drape is made differently in different parts of India. In some areas, it is carving on the right shoulder and the other left.

According to family tradition, some women would wrap due to reverence towards elderly people either take cover drape your head or workday-time it over his shoulder. Although Western lifestyle and appearance have made deep inroads into the Indian culture, the fact established good popularity of the saree.

Importance of saree color

The colors in sarees are also very important. Different colored saris embodies various qualities, characteristics, and themes. Usually, a saree is determine following the appropriate color for the day. India points to attach great importance to astrology and numerology. Women on the basis of astrological calculations elects colored saree.


Red-color sarees are best drape on special occasions like weddings, parties, and other special occasions. As a symbol of red domination and passion, women like them to wear it on different occasions.


The blue color saree is a symbol of peace, tranquility, and serenity. It is suitable when a woman wants to stand out in the crowd. It’s a symbol of royalty the blue colors play a very important role in culture and religion it has very profound significance.


Yellow optimism represents light and warmth. It is a tradition to start any journey in India with a ‘yellow’ colored saree. The saree is perfect for daytime gatherings and festivals, yellow sari makes you cheerful and intelligent. Many people believe by wearing the yellow color brings prosperity and happiness.


Green sari shows love for wealth and the Environment. A green sari with golden work is beautiful for a fancy party. It is suitable for all occasions. It spread the enhance of the beauty of greenery that looks fresh.


Wearing pink reveals the compassion and a free heart. It relates to romance and femininity. Because of the close relationship of romance for that date, she is the right choice. Costume pink sari gives a sleek feel and is ideal for the day.


White is a color that is interact to factors such as purity, simplicity, and peace. White-color sarees are best for festivals, celebrations, and daily events. It also represents new beginnings and cleanliness. Wear sari white will help you fight the disappointments and evils.

Which are the famous cities for sarees

From ancient times to the present day sari is the oldest and probably the only surviving garment in the world. Mesopotamians invented the art decently cotton cloth from India and received the heritage of the textile.

Silk cloth came from China and was adopt by Indians according to later history. With the repeated invasions of different clans, many new designs and techniques of weaving. Dyeing and printing came to India and spread to many cities across the country.


West City Bengal is quoted as sometimes India’s cultural capital. Which is very famous for its traditional Bengali sarees in India. The weave, texture, color and material make these sarees endearing to everyone.

A sari Baluchari silk Kolkata which depict scenes of mythology on its border and Pallu. There are also gorgeous garlands or sewn silk sarees to use for special occasions.

Dhakai jamdani is another sari Kolkata, which is consider one of the garments of the finest muslin West Bengal. When you go there for shopping Kolkata city will bring certainly be a pleasant experience for you.


Kanchipuram is a city in Tamil Nadu which is familiar as the silk city also called as kanjivaram saree. Because the main occupation of the people living here and around is weaving silk sarees. In this industry are engage family more than 5,000.

Silk weavers here are inhabited for more than 400 years. So the city has a reputation as the creator of the best silk sarees in India. Pure mulberry silk went woven, in Kanchipuram brightly colored sarees, beautiful design, and great durability.


The city of Banaras ethnic Banarasi saree has been ruling the Indian market for decades. They are highly reasonable for their intricate gold and silver brocade work and beautiful designs.

These are heavy saris and takes a long time to make by artisans of Banaras. The saree is a combination of Persian and Indian designs. It is one of the most chosen bridal sarees in India and also worn at important festivals and parties.

Kota (Rajasthan)

Kota in Rajasthan’s original location Doria sarees is a very popular brand for Indian women. These are very light sarees, and they are also very easy to drape. Kota sarees are comes in a square pattern known as khats.

Is strength paste the threads of onion juice and rice, so does not require any additional finishing. Kota saris and pocket-friendly price range and have been appreciate in the women’s casual clothing, where the summer period of up to six months.

Which is the most expensive saree in the world?

According to Guinness World Records the expensive silk saree went created by Chennai Silks and went sold in approximately ₹ 40 lakh in January 2008.

Silk sarees are made of diamonds, navratna stones, emeralds, rubies, yellow sapphires, topaz, pearls, cat’s eyes, and coral. It is also embroidery in metals like gold, platinum, and silver.

“Vivah Patu” Saree, 11 paintings of Indian art symbol Raja Ravi Verma reprinted and directed by Chennai Silks Shivlingam. At the Chennai Silk Mill in Kanchipuram, the sari was wove by 36 workers using a double thread. It weighs 8 kg and is ready in 12 months.

Chennai Silks completed the first saree on November 26, 2007. It was sold to a businessman in Bangalore on January 5, 2008, which brought a saree on its 10th anniversary. Another, Nita Ambani was Flaunting the sari at his son’s wedding at the beginning of last year in 2015.

Many things in the past have mapped out Indian and Indian traditions. But the real inspiration for us is not to stray far from our tradition as much as this art is unique and modern.

They remind us to keep our traditions and rich culture alive. Because you can only deny it when you say so. Embrace it, do protect, and be proud that you part of a rich and valuable culture and nation.

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